Artykuły > Edukacja archiwistyczna > W sprawie ochrony dziedzictwa dokumentacyjnego
W sprawie ochrony dziedzictwa dokumentacyjnego
Władysław Stępniak, Pierwszy akt normatywny UNESCO w sprawie ochrony dziedzictwa dokumentacyjnego, w: Archeion, T. 117, wyd. NDAP, Warszawa 2016, s. 54-71
Władysław Stępniak, UNESCO’s First Normative Act on the Protection of Documentary Heritage.UNESCO’s Memory of the World Program was adopted in 1992 under very special circumstances.At that time, it became apparent that the policy previously applied by this important internationalorganization with respect to cultural heritage was in need of some urgent corrections. The tragicoutcomes of war raging in the territories of the former Yugoslavia and infl icting considerable lossesupon archives, libraries and museums were the decisive factor that stimulated efforts aiming to drawthe international community’s attention to the urgent need to reinforce the protection of the affectedinstitutions’ resources. The fact that the collections of those remembrance institutions were not includedin the defi nition of cultural heritage presented in the “Convention on the Protection of WorldCultural and Natural Heritage” dated 16 November 1972, hence depriving the said collections of theprotection guaranteed under the act of public international law in question, required that new actionsbe undertaken in the then-existing situation.Following the actual launch of the Memory of the World Program, Poland has been playing a veryactive role in the implementation of this very important initiative, as manifested, inter alia, in its effortsaimed at reinforcing the protection of documentary heritage under international law. Pursuing this objective,Poland undertook to organize, in Warsaw, three very important conferences attended by expertsfrom all over the world and held in 2011–2014. Those efforts have contributed to UNESCO’s GeneralConference adopting, in November 2015, the fi rst ever normative act concerned with documentary heritage.The said act has the form of the UNESCO Recommendation — Safeguarding the Memory of theWorld and deals with archiving and providing access to documentary heritage, including in digital form.It was adopted along with a resolution recommending that the Member States adapt it to local conditions,implement it, promote knowledge thereof, and, first and foremost, create the conditions that foster its implementation,by ensuring the introduction of relevant policies and amending legal regulations. Advisingthat the recommendation’s implementation process be monitored, the General Conference obliged thegovernments of Member States to submit, to UNESCO, relevant reports in 4-year intervals.The developments referred to above have resulted in the creation, by UNESCO, of protection andaccessibility standards applicable to documentary heritage, including archival collections on a generalscale, that the international community should apply in order to safeguard and provide wide access toits documentary heritage, now considered to be an integral part of humanity’s cultural heritage.      Źródło:         (dostęp z 13.11.2017)
strzałka do góry